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Spitakavor, Proshaberd and the History Within Them

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The route is located in the Region of Vayots Dzor. To get to the starting point of the route, you need to drive from Yerevan to Vernashen village, from where you will start hiking toward Spitakavor church (14th century). On the way back you can visit Gladzor museum in Vernashen village, which is not included in the route.

Spitakavor church

Spitakavor St Astvatsatsin  church is located 7 km north of Vernashen village in Vayots Dzor region.
The monastery consists of a church, a vestibule, a bell tower and surrounding enclosures. The area is cut by deep gorges, and the castle ruins are still standing on the top of nearby hill. Complex of buildings  are constructed with white polished travertine, from which has come out the origin of the name. According to the inscriptions on the walls of the church, monastery was founded by Prince Proshian Yeachi in 1321 and later reconstructed by his son Amir Hassan II. The only entrance of the church is from west. From west there is also the church vestibule and a three-storey bell tower, which was built by Hovhannes and Tadzna spouses in 1330. The tomb of Armenian great General Garegin Nzhdeh is under the monastery walls. Armenians from different corners of the world come and perform pilgrimage from Vernashen to Spitakavor.

St Spitakavor Church

St Spitakavor Church


Proshaberd is located in Vayots Dzor, 6-7km north from Gladzor and Vernashen villages. Being built by Prosh Trout in 13th century, it took the name Proshaberd or castle By Trout Prosh.

Boloraberd was the residency of Armenian trouts, and covered 1-1.5 hectares land. The defensive structures of the fortress, arsenals, barracks, and the Chamber Proshian have been destroyed and buried under a thick layer of soil. Only the eastern side of the chapel had survived, and 1-2 km to the south-west is the Monastery of Saint Maria Spitakavor.



Historical Overview

Persian Khan attacked Proshaberd. After many unsuccessful attacks, he decided to lay siege to the fort. Runs a month, two months, but the castle remains steadfast. Khan understands that he needs to cut the water entering the castle, but his soldiers could not find the source. At that time, a wise man advised to keep a mule thirsty for seven days. That’s what they did. When they set the animal free around the castle, it started looking for water. Animal found the source by the sense of soil moisture and started digging the ground. Thus they found the water pipeline. After cutting the water, castle defenders were forced to surrender.


In spring countless flowers bloom around the monastery and church Spitakavor, that is why people sometmes refer to it as Church of Flowers. Around the church you will find bell-flowers, khatutiks yellow, red tulips, narcissus, blue forget-me-nots etc. Later, Mariamaxot blossoms, clover, plantain and many other flowers. There are also many plants and flowers of therapeutic value.


There are numerous animals living on mountain slopes and heights, none of which may not meet on your way. At this miraculous place of nature live bears, mostly brown bear, roe deer, wild boar, the Gurza, various species of lizards, black vulture, black thrush, quail, sparrow, robin, butterflies and other species.


All the way to spitakavor Spitakavor mobile signals are almost always available. In case of an accident, there is the 911 service.

Route technical parameters

Location: Vayots Dzor Region
The best time to take this route is from April to November
Bottle of water is strongly recommended to have during hiking period.

As the route passes through forests, for safety reasons it is recommended to take a guide with you.

For all other questions our customer friendly staff is ready to assist you.

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